Sher Shah Suri, The most powerful and influential ruler of medieval India.

Sher Shah was one of the most powerful and influential rulers of medieval India. The first name of Sher Shah, king of lions, was Farid. He was the grandson of Ibrahim Sur and the son of Husain. His grandfather came to India in search of work during the Bahlol Lodhi period and joined the Punjab services.

Sher Shah Suri (born 1486), was the founder of the Suri Empire in India, with its capital, Sasaram, in modern-day Bihar. He introduced the rupee as currency for the first time. Sher Shah took over the Mughal empire in 1540. After his tragic death in 1545, his son Islam Shah became his follower.

He started working as a private before rising to become the commander of the Mughal army under Babur and then the ruler of Bihar. In 1537, when Babur's son Humayun was on another expedition, Sher Shah conquered Bengal and established the Suri dynasty. A clever strategist, Sher Shah has proven himself to be a skilled Muslim ruler and a trained master. The reorganization of his empire laid the foundations of later Mughal rulers, particularly Akbar, son of Humayun.

During his five-year reign from 1540 to 1545, he established a new economic and military system, issued the first Rupee from the "Tanka" and organized the postal system of the Indian Subcontinent.

Some of his tactics and offerings were later made by the Mughals, especially Akbar. Suri also developed the Humayun city of Dina-Panah and renamed it Shergarh and revived the historic city of Palipaliputra, which had been diminishing since 7th century CE, like Patna.

He extended the Grand Trunk Road from Chittagong on the border of Bengal province in northeastern India to Kabul in Afghanistan in the northwest of the country. The influence of his inventions and his transformation went beyond his short reign; his arch-enemy, Humayun, referred to him as "Ustad-I-Badshahan", a royal teacher. During the seven years of his reign, he was not defeated in battle.

Post a Comment