Jalal-ud-din Muhammad Akbar, The great Mughal Emperor.


Abul Fath Jalal-ud-din Muhammad Akbar, also known as Akbar the Great, was the third ruler of the Mughal Empire who gained a reputation as a rightful ruler of India in the 16th century. before the British colonial rule in India, Akbar was remembered for maintaining a holistic view of India, where people of all religions were equal and treated with respect.

He was born in 1542 in Umerkot, in present-day Pakistan, and some sources say that Akbar was 14 years old when he became king, and others say that he was 15 years old. His military prowess was good like his diplomatic finesse. He reconquered almost all the territories his father Humayun had lost and also extended into western and eastern parts of India.

Akbar's grandfather Babur founded the Mughal Empire. He was a descendant of Genghis Khan. Babur's son and Akbar's father Humayun were removed from the throne by Pashtun governor Sher Shah Suri. Humayun was in jail when he was born. Although Humayun regained power in 1555, he was able to rule his territories for a few months until his death. He was quickly succeeded by Akbar.

Akbar was in charge under Bairam Khan's advice and was able to stabilize as Khan managed to control North India from the Afghans, successfully leading the war in the second battle of Panipat against the Hindu king Hemu. Despite Khan's loyalty, Akbar sends away Bairam Khan in 1560 from total control of the government.

Akbar was known for enriching talent, ingenuity, and honesty, regardless of his ethnic or religious background. His success in expanding and building his empire lies in his ability to please the people and to rule over the conquered lands.

Many event writers have described Akbar as illiterate and yet cultivated art, culture and valued all intellectual endeavors, supporting poets, musicians, and engineers in his courts in Delhi. The most famous were Abul Fazl, who wrote Akbarnama, Raja Birbal, singer-songwriter, and Fagir Aziao-Din and Mullah Do Piaza, poets who became his mentors.

The site of his burial was chosen by him in Agra and later tomb was built by Jahangir. Akbar became very interested in the construction of his tomb, many historians say. He died on October 27, 1605, and was buried in Fatehpur Sikri, a small town in Uttar Pradesh, India.

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