Yavuz Sultan Selim, First Ottoman Caliph

Selim's nickname was Yavuz, in Turkish "the Stern "or" the Grim ". During his reign, the Ottoman Empire achieved great expansion as a result of his conquests, especially in the Middle East. He also took the title of Caliphate from the Abbasids after conquering the land of the Mamluks in Egypt, becoming the leader of the Islamic world. The teeth, sword, and mantle of the Prophet Muhammad were taken from Cairo to Istanbul, which is today housed in the Topkapi Palace Museum.

Selim was one of the most respected and successful Sultans. He was tall, strong, brave, fierce, but very modest despite his all authority and powers and wrote poetry. He did not rest during his reign, he worked hard and organized campaigns, filling the treasurer with much gold. He was skilled at using swords, bows, and fighting. He had a long mustache but he shaved his beard, unlike other sultans. He also had an earring in one ear.

In 1489 Yavuz Selim became governor of Trabzon. As a result of the threat of developing Ismaili Shias in Persia, he fought the forces of Shah Ismail. In 1508 he defeated the mighty armies of Shah and drove them from its borders. He was about to move on but came back at his father's order.

Yavuz Sultan Selim invaded Georgia and because of his heroic deeds and achievements, he was nicknamed "Yavuz". Yavuz Sultan Selim invaded Caucasia without the consent of his father Sultan Beyazid and demanded to become a governor in Rumeli so that he could be closer to Istanbul. When he could not find what he was looking for, he attacked Edirne via Rumeli and was defeated by the army of his father and, escaped to Crimea.

In 1512, Sehzade Ahmet, during his father's lifetime, was summoned to Istanbul to serve as Sultan. But this time the janissaries revolted and Sehzade Ahmet had to go back. Upon this, Selim I was called and became the ruler.  Yavuz had a keen interest in sports and science.

In 1514, before embarking on his expedition to Iran, Yavuz Selim I ordered the execution of thousands of Alevis in the province of Rum in Anatolia to avoid the risk of invasion while marching to the battlefield.

He died on 22 September 1520 due to cancer. He was just 50 years old. The historians agreed on that, he had a short life but a very brilliant career.

Post a Comment